Best Pulmonologist in Islamabad
If you are having problem with the respiratory system, it is more prudent to consult a doctor who could in turn suggest a consultation with a pulmonologist. Med City International Hospital has a developed pulmonary unit with the best pulmonologists in Islamabad you provide the state of the art services to our patients.
For those who do not know it yet, a professional pulmonologist is able to detect the type of respiratory disease that affects his patient. To do this, the specialist in pulmonology follows a specific procedure that will allow him to establish a good diagnosis. He will then know the type of disorder that affects the patient, its origin and its causes as well as the risk factors. This is the only way to guarantee the patient an effective cure. Indeed, in case of misdiagnosis, the disease may worsen, which will put the life of the patient in danger. Choosing a best pulmonologist is therefore a huge advantage because you are sure to benefit from effective treatment.
Most lung diseases require long-term treatment. It consists of taking medications whose role is to reduce the symptoms but also to treat the causes of the problem. It may be that the doctor is considering opting for other types of treatment such as physiotherapy or surgery for example.
Why consult a pulmonologist?
Your first reflex is to consult your doctor to prescribe to consult a specialist, the pulmonologist. However, in case of serious and / or chronic illness, it is possible to consult it directly. It is recommended to consult a pulmonologist when symptoms of respiratory failure are noted, each can be affected and the affected people are not only smokers and overweight people, even if they are more likely to be confronted to disorders of the respiratory system.
Generally, the passage through a general practitioner is necessary for the establishment of a preliminary diagnosis and so that it knows how to refer the patient to the competent person. On the other hand, if the symptoms indicate a fortiori a serious disease which requires a direct care, it is possible to make an appointment directly with a pulmonologist in the hospital.
The symptoms that put the ear to the ear before making contact with a pulmonologist concern the area of the lungs, bronchi, trachea and pleura.
Often consulted for allergy problems, asthma and sleep apnea, the pulmonologist can also be asked for disorders such as COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease), tuberculosis or various cancers such as lung cancer or pleura.
Of course, patients do not have the necessary skills to establish a diagnosis and often walk through the door of the pulmonologist without knowing what leads them. This is why the first consultation will aim to find the source of the patient’s ailments through one or more exams.
When to see a pulmonologist?
A persistent cough, an abnormal secretion of bronchial mucus, shortness of breath exacerbated by the effort (dyspnea), chest pain, sleep disorders or traces of blood in a spit require the consultation of the attending physician who will assess the relevance of a reorientation to a pulmonologist. The risk of suffering from a lung disease is greater in people who smoke, who have hypertension or who are exposed to certain substances such as sawdust, asbestos, cement … When a pulmonary pathology is proven, it is no longer necessary to go through the attending physician for follow-up.
What does the pulmonologist do?
After a thorough questionnaire, on your personal history (childhood diseases) and family in particular, the pulmonologist examines you with the help of a stethoscope and checks the oxygen saturation – a sensor on the finger -, the pulse, the heart rate, body temperature, blood pressure. The analysis of blood gases to evaluate oxygenation (arterial blood gas) or respiratory functional exploration (EFR) by spirometer can be done directly in the city office or hospital. Other tests such as blood, urine or sputum (tuberculosis), imaging (chest X-ray, chest CT scan, bronchial fibroscopy), stress test, polysomnographic recording may be necessary to make the diagnosis.
How is the treatment?
Depending on the conditions, the treatments can be administered orally or by injection but also by inhalation. Note that the effectiveness of this method of treatment depends greatly on strict compliance with the instructions for use of the inhalation device. The inhaled route is also used to improve oxygenation (oxygen therapy) in case of respiratory failure, in case of sleep apnea with the mask of continuous positive pressure ventilation. The pulmonologist can finally resort to respiratory rehabilitation. This outpatient program includes, among others, respiratory physiotherapy, physical activity (exercise training, muscle building and endurance), nutritional rehabilitation and psychological support.