Best Nephrologist in Islamabad

The department of Nephrology at Med City International Hospital is controlled by the best nephrologists in Islamabad, with their corresponding material resources and organizational structure, which aims to provide comprehensive healthcare (prevention, diagnosis, care and treatment) to patients with kidney diseases especially in its terminal stage. The department has a special dedication to kidney transplantation and is one of the best hospital for this activity.

Nephrology is a medical specialty that focuses on kidney function and the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of kidney disease. Located at the bottom of the spine, the two kidneys, centers of purification of the organism, filter the blood by eliminating the waste and evacuate by the urine the excess of water and mineral salts (sodium, potassium …). The kidneys also produce hormones essential to the body. Their role is therefore vital. When they are not working well enough – we are talking about kidney failure – it may be necessary to have the kidney cleansing done by a dialysis machine – or to consider a kidney transplant.

Nephrology is the medical specialty that focuses on the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases.

The kidneys (the body has two) filter every day some 200 liters of blood plasma. They excrete toxins and metabolic waste in the urine, then return to the blood the substances necessary for the proper functioning of the body. To imagine, say they are the role of a purification plant that filter wastewater from a city.

When to make an appointment with a nephrologist?

After a visit to the GP, it is advisable to consult a nephrologist for all pathologies affecting the kidneys:

Renal colic, persistent kidney pain, presence in the urine of blood (hematuria) or protein (proteinuria), chronic renal failure (CKD), etc.

Collaborating with other specialists depending on the case (resuscitators, cardiologists, diabetologists …), the nephrologist then takes care of these diseases. Based on examinations to refine his diagnosis, he can prescribe medications, recommend a suitable diet, and follow dialysis or transplant patients. Med City has department of nephrology and dialysis (hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis) of excellence, which combine medical expertise and patient support, including dietary, essential in cases of CKD.

When to see a nephrologist?

Many pathologies require consultation with a nephrologist. These include:

  • a renal failure acute or chronic;
  • of renal colic ;
  • proteinuria (presence of protein in the urine);
  • hematuria (presence of blood in the urine);
  • nephritic syndrome;
  • glomerulonephritis;
  • Or repeated urinary tract infections.

What tests are conducted by a kidney specialist?

After having carefully questioned his patient, the nephrologist carries out a rigorous clinical examination, before prescribing – or practicing – complementary examinations:

  • urine tests,
  • renal assessment,
  • VCUG,
  • to scan,
  • renal scintigraphy,
  • ultrasounds
  • kidney biopsy,
  • angiography …

Some people are at higher risk for kidney diseases. Here are some factors recognized to increase the risks:

  • diabetes
  • high blood pressure
  • smoking
  • obesity

What does the nephrologist do?

The nephrologist is the kidney specialist. He works in the hospital and is in charge of the medical aspect, but not surgical (it is the urologist who performs the surgical operations on the kidneys or the urinary tract). He performs for this many medical acts:

  • first, he questions his patient, in particular to obtain information on possible family or medical antecedents;
  • he performs a rigorous clinical examination;
  • he can practice or prescribe examinations, such as an ultrasound of the kidneys and urinary tract, a CT scan, a renal scan, a renal biopsy, an angiogram;
  • he follows dialysis patients, supports the postoperative course of a kidney transplant;
  • It also prescribes drug treatments, and offers dietary advice.

What are the risks during the consultation of a nephrologist?

Consultation with a nephrologist does not involve any particular risk for the patient.


Nephrology is a perfectly differentiated specialty of Urology, which is a surgical specialty and which covers all surgical aspects of the kidney and male genital tract. We can say that there are only 2 diseases in which there can be overlapping, such as urine infections, in which Urology would have to act when the solution is surgical and the field of lithiasis, in which Urology would correspond all the treatment with lithotripsy and surgery, leaving the study of the causes in the field of Nephrology.

Urologists and nephrologists serve to treat kidney problems. Urologists are surgical specialists who focus on anatomical or structural disorders of the kidneys and urinary tract. They treat problems such as kidney stones, kidney blockages, and kidney cancer. Urologists are qualified to perform surgical and ambulatory medical procedures to correct such conditions.

Nephrologists are medical specialists who focus on disorders that affect the way the kidneys work such as diabetes and chronic kidney disease. Nephrologists prescribe non-surgical medical treatments for these disorders.

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